Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 34,554
2 China 21,831
3 Brazil 21,713
4 United Kingdom 12,328
5 Japan 7,465
6 Germany 6,925
7 Australia 6,507
8 Mexico 6,154
9 Thailand 5,834
10 Canada 5,414
11 Spain 4,872
12 Argentina 4,657
13 France 4,352
14 Italy 3,954
15 Poland 3,952
16 Colombia 3,534
17 Turkey 3,476
18 India 2,781
19 Czech Republic 2,716
20 Taiwan 2,519

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach