Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,581,885
2 United States 467,603
3 India 461,124
4 United Kingdom 322,855
5 Germany 207,251
6 Japan 181,723
7 Brazil 174,493
8 South Korea 143,696
9 Turkey 139,769
10 Australia 130,417
11 France 119,589
12 Canada 111,056
13 Taiwan 93,121
14 Russia 87,822
15 Italy 69,924
16 Malaysia 69,190
17 Poland 66,243
18 Netherlands 66,080
19 Sweden 58,497
20 Thailand 55,180

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach