Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 8,057,199
2 United States 2,566,863
3 United Kingdom 766,397
4 Canada 657,309
5 Australia 639,983
6 South Korea 635,869
7 Japan 477,152
8 Brazil 447,488
9 Germany 408,172
10 India 335,118
11 Spain 327,767
12 Netherlands 322,407
13 France 298,485
14 Taiwan 287,124
15 Turkey 271,786
16 Italy 244,113
17 Malaysia 215,620
18 Hong Kong 212,696
19 Thailand 183,305
20 South Africa 166,670

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach