Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 6,595,358
2 United States 2,488,820
3 United Kingdom 723,520
4 Australia 617,659
5 Canada 614,463
6 South Korea 590,215
7 Brazil 460,247
8 Germany 451,353
9 Japan 446,630
10 India 332,612
11 Spain 313,670
12 Netherlands 297,581
13 France 291,301
14 Taiwan 268,490
15 Turkey 262,093
16 Malaysia 230,246
17 Italy 219,563
18 Thailand 218,325
19 Hong Kong 177,389
20 South Africa 172,609

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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