Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 4,880,613
2 United States 2,268,983
3 United Kingdom 673,052
4 Australia 583,296
5 Canada 546,637
6 South Korea 526,693
7 Germany 490,441
8 Brazil 466,045
9 Japan 444,628
10 India 348,533
11 France 316,590
12 Spain 307,853
13 Thailand 281,985
14 Taiwan 274,982
15 Malaysia 271,343
16 Turkey 267,964
17 Netherlands 256,596
18 Russia 237,499
19 Italy 207,222
20 Mexico 185,554

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach