Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 5,753,589
2 United States 2,419,883
3 United Kingdom 695,549
4 Australia 601,009
5 Canada 581,187
6 South Korea 551,958
7 Germany 477,313
8 Brazil 469,724
9 Japan 449,838
10 India 340,170
11 Spain 305,013
12 France 300,527
13 Netherlands 276,741
14 Taiwan 266,877
15 Turkey 265,275
16 Thailand 258,927
17 Malaysia 250,364
18 Italy 215,271
19 Russia 209,006
20 Mexico 181,426

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach