Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,182,691
2 China 608,677
3 United Kingdom 252,714
4 Japan 245,744
5 Germany 197,120
6 Brazil 138,631
7 Canada 124,609
8 India 124,445
9 France 120,212
10 South Korea 106,925
11 Australia 97,263
12 Taiwan 92,588
13 Netherlands 64,068
14 Thailand 59,339
15 Spain 58,477
16 Switzerland 57,762
17 Italy 55,257
18 Mexico 49,561
19 Belgium 33,996
20 South Africa 32,574

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach