Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,044,752
2 China 592,079
3 United Kingdom 230,198
4 Japan 229,563
5 Germany 179,302
6 France 108,937
7 Canada 108,192
8 India 107,667
9 South Korea 105,605
10 Australia 89,885
11 Taiwan 80,296
12 Brazil 63,188
13 Netherlands 60,142
14 Switzerland 52,946
15 Spain 52,353
16 Italy 50,944
17 Thailand 48,620
18 Mexico 38,764
19 Belgium 32,804
20 Russia 30,380

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach