Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,333,491
2 China 712,316
3 United Kingdom 269,113
4 Japan 258,925
5 Germany 211,692
6 Brazil 158,107
7 Canada 148,302
8 India 141,481
9 France 140,735
10 Taiwan 115,716
11 South Korea 106,626
12 Australia 104,506
13 Thailand 70,033
14 Netherlands 68,477
15 Spain 64,690
16 Switzerland 62,518
17 Italy 59,963
18 Mexico 58,079
19 South Africa 38,496
20 Belgium 35,857

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach