Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 541,868
2 United States 233,090
3 United Kingdom 103,229
4 Japan 79,525
5 South Korea 69,218
6 India 57,800
7 France 52,377
8 Germany 51,958
9 Taiwan 41,023
10 Canada 40,208
11 Brazil 37,977
12 Australia 35,896
13 Italy 27,639
14 Turkey 26,265
15 Russia 22,443
16 Hong Kong 21,585
17 Netherlands 20,530
18 Egypt 17,312
19 Spain 16,641
20 Malaysia 14,768

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach