Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 396,676
2 China 285,866
3 Brazil 197,918
4 United Kingdom 129,679
5 Australia 104,437
6 Japan 73,577
7 France 65,555
8 Mexico 62,669
9 Russia 62,114
10 Canada 55,216
11 India 43,743
12 South Korea 43,000
13 Spain 42,717
14 Germany 41,616
15 Thailand 36,416
16 Turkey 35,937
17 Italy 31,754
18 Netherlands 31,319
19 Colombia 30,787
20 Taiwan 27,942

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach