Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 412,076
2 China 279,216
3 Brazil 230,595
4 United Kingdom 125,542
5 Australia 106,833
6 Russia 89,048
7 Japan 78,676
8 France 70,756
9 Mexico 69,767
10 Canada 57,666
11 Germany 52,834
12 India 52,036
13 Thailand 43,082
14 Spain 42,703
15 South Korea 40,491
16 Colombia 33,249
17 Italy 32,946
18 Turkey 32,155
19 Netherlands 30,655
20 Taiwan 28,993

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach