Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,771,747
2 United States 1,042,963
3 South Korea 767,966
4 Japan 603,911
5 Taiwan 520,290
6 India 447,167
7 Germany 400,655
8 United Kingdom 267,185
9 France 203,210
10 Turkey 169,710
11 Brazil 140,603
12 Russia 134,653
13 Canada 131,637
14 Mexico 112,353
15 Australia 106,291
16 Italy 90,806
17 Netherlands 89,590
18 Malaysia 82,277
19 Poland 77,480
20 Spain 72,662

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach