Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,680,648
2 United States 962,258
3 South Korea 753,412
4 Japan 573,205
5 Taiwan 490,607
6 India 375,964
7 Germany 361,445
8 United Kingdom 245,434
9 France 183,723
10 Turkey 163,592
11 Canada 111,243
12 Russia 105,698
13 Brazil 103,272
14 Australia 97,638
15 Mexico 95,049
16 Italy 87,074
17 Netherlands 85,755
18 Poland 71,963
19 Spain 66,882
20 Malaysia 64,685

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach