Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,918,176
2 United States 1,129,041
3 South Korea 806,622
4 Japan 640,473
5 Taiwan 563,812
6 India 548,674
7 Germany 445,943
8 United Kingdom 288,478
9 France 233,008
10 Turkey 192,486
11 Brazil 156,400
12 Canada 149,319
13 Russia 147,040
14 Mexico 132,116
15 Australia 113,170
16 Malaysia 105,419
17 Italy 101,463
18 Thailand 90,516
19 Netherlands 85,036
20 Spain 82,581

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach