Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 151,926
2 United Kingdom 53,196
3 China 37,634
4 Canada 26,115
5 Australia 22,709
6 Germany 20,933
7 France 19,167
8 Japan 14,006
9 Brazil 11,033
10 Switzerland 10,344
11 Netherlands 9,690
12 Spain 6,736
13 India 6,699
14 Sweden 6,092
15 Denmark 4,835
16 Mexico 4,581
17 Israel 4,333
18 Norway 4,252
19 South Africa 4,235
20 Malaysia 4,069

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach