Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,504,184
2 United States 2,458,084
3 Japan 1,573,439
4 India 983,487
5 Germany 803,504
6 United Kingdom 759,267
7 South Korea 424,609
8 France 396,516
9 Canada 300,349
10 Switzerland 258,229
11 Russia 254,156
12 Taiwan 237,971
13 Brazil 230,112
14 Spain 207,557
15 Italy 172,317
16 Australia 170,065
17 Poland 149,318
18 Turkey 143,814
19 Netherlands 126,521
20 Thailand 117,948

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach