Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 883,928
2 United Kingdom 830,554
3 United States 680,859
4 Australia 307,246
5 Netherlands 276,178
6 Germany 271,676
7 South Korea 184,484
8 Brazil 168,602
9 Canada 134,705
10 Taiwan 134,155
11 Italy 125,694
12 Malaysia 121,656
13 Turkey 113,785
14 India 109,560
15 Indonesia 108,450
16 France 106,418
17 Sweden 97,595
18 South Africa 94,376
19 Spain 84,702
20 Finland 78,853

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.