Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,774,742
2 United Kingdom 1,341,661
3 United States 948,234
4 Australia 442,601
5 Netherlands 408,203
6 Germany 291,420
7 South Korea 271,674
8 Italy 242,858
9 Brazil 232,250
10 Indonesia 209,415
11 Turkey 207,566
12 Malaysia 203,173
13 Taiwan 197,250
14 India 193,885
15 Canada 192,746
16 France 181,266
17 Sweden 165,743
18 South Africa 155,895
19 Spain 144,612
20 Portugal 119,010

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.