Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,225,285
2 United Kingdom 1,060,914
3 United States 805,728
4 Australia 373,371
5 Netherlands 343,348
6 Germany 282,085
7 South Korea 220,637
8 Brazil 200,498
9 Italy 179,306
10 Canada 163,064
11 Taiwan 160,950
12 Malaysia 158,146
13 Turkey 157,366
14 Indonesia 146,743
15 France 141,215
16 India 137,686
17 Sweden 134,188
18 South Africa 123,920
19 Spain 112,763
20 Finland 98,278

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.