Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 292,550
2 United Kingdom 92,624
3 China 92,231
4 Australia 67,131
5 Japan 38,051
6 Canada 35,903
7 South Korea 31,707
8 Germany 31,271
9 Spain 29,357
10 Switzerland 25,836
11 Turkey 23,855
12 Italy 22,607
13 Netherlands 22,424
14 Taiwan 21,768
15 France 18,896
16 Brazil 17,966
17 Finland 17,560
18 Thailand 17,267
19 India 14,535
20 Colombia 13,967

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach