Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 777,892
2 United States 735,273
3 Germany 377,160
4 Japan 358,995
5 South Korea 202,097
6 United Kingdom 171,328
7 India 103,989
8 France 101,216
9 Taiwan 90,102
10 Canada 70,570
11 Netherlands 68,837
12 Switzerland 64,594
13 Brazil 61,771
14 Russia 58,887
15 Italy 55,833
16 Australia 53,460
17 Spain 45,851
18 Sweden 35,436
19 Austria 30,673
20 Turkey 30,435

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach