Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 839,013
2 China 802,277
3 Germany 413,602
4 Japan 394,648
5 South Korea 199,703
6 United Kingdom 179,000
7 France 132,483
8 India 119,654
9 Taiwan 102,303
10 Canada 79,911
11 Russia 76,676
12 Brazil 71,338
13 Netherlands 68,827
14 Italy 68,468
15 Spain 57,572
16 Australia 55,261
17 Sweden 54,526
18 Switzerland 50,411
19 Singapore 40,322
20 Austria 35,662

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach