Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 821,261
2 China 790,539
3 Germany 404,074
4 Japan 380,594
5 South Korea 203,051
6 United Kingdom 179,931
7 France 118,903
8 India 115,241
9 Taiwan 95,758
10 Canada 75,625
11 Russia 74,738
12 Netherlands 70,959
13 Brazil 67,054
14 Italy 62,463
15 Australia 55,092
16 Spain 52,735
17 Sweden 51,723
18 Switzerland 51,303
19 Singapore 37,330
20 Austria 35,926

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach