Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 151,945
2 United Kingdom 102,885
3 China 37,492
4 Canada 33,125
5 Australia 31,017
6 Netherlands 28,675
7 Germany 23,524
8 France 12,069
9 Brazil 10,815
10 Italy 8,587
11 Finland 8,568
12 Switzerland 8,489
13 Sweden 8,165
14 South Korea 7,971
15 Spain 7,798
16 Turkey 7,358
17 Belgium 7,235
18 Denmark 7,000
19 Norway 6,921
20 Japan 6,057

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach