Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 153,696
2 United Kingdom 100,047
3 China 39,708
4 Australia 30,962
5 Canada 30,953
6 Netherlands 26,265
7 Germany 25,601
8 Brazil 12,226
9 France 11,232
10 South Korea 8,329
11 Italy 7,797
12 Switzerland 7,692
13 Sweden 7,472
14 Spain 7,203
15 Finland 7,122
16 Belgium 6,916
17 Turkey 6,734
18 Denmark 6,678
19 Russia 6,094
20 Norway 6,091

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach