Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 346,116
2 United States 269,799
3 South Korea 244,202
4 Taiwan 141,757
5 India 136,535
6 Japan 110,865
7 Germany 74,794
8 United Kingdom 58,752
9 France 46,432
10 Italy 26,675
11 Canada 24,382
12 Netherlands 22,316
13 Australia 22,070
14 Turkey 20,837
15 Switzerland 20,274
16 Malaysia 17,664
17 Russia 16,715
18 Spain 15,873
19 Brazil 14,708
20 Singapore 12,040

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach