Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 611,565
2 United States 490,886
3 Japan 266,189
4 India 209,350
5 Germany 190,797
6 South Korea 143,268
7 United Kingdom 110,071
8 Brazil 104,330
9 Taiwan 71,953
10 France 67,584
11 Canada 56,189
12 Russia 49,842
13 Turkey 35,166
14 Switzerland 34,470
15 Australia 34,127
16 Netherlands 28,256
17 Italy 26,887
18 Spain 25,961
19 Poland 24,035
20 Mexico 22,237

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach