Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 608,162
2 United States 435,352
3 Japan 254,426
4 India 181,867
5 Germany 172,587
6 South Korea 139,027
7 United Kingdom 104,740
8 Taiwan 68,771
9 France 62,321
10 Brazil 44,218
11 Russia 39,199
12 Canada 37,287
13 Turkey 34,407
14 Switzerland 32,840
15 Australia 31,808
16 Netherlands 26,768
17 Italy 26,447
18 Poland 23,996
19 Spain 22,971
20 Sweden 19,258

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach