Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 189,937
2 United States 79,072
3 India 71,268
4 Japan 63,033
5 United Kingdom 42,658
6 Australia 37,548
7 Canada 24,243
8 South Korea 20,199
9 Turkey 17,847
10 Germany 17,759
11 Hong Kong 14,363
12 Malaysia 14,327
13 Thailand 14,095
14 Taiwan 13,538
15 Russia 11,720
16 Brazil 9,961
17 Iran 9,812
18 France 9,789
19 Ethiopia 9,278
20 Italy 8,973

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach