Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 91,927
2 United States 88,123
3 United Kingdom 45,046
4 Turkey 27,545
5 Australia 21,511
6 India 16,692
7 Brazil 15,503
8 Canada 13,664
9 Italy 13,187
10 Germany 12,913
11 Iran 12,830
12 Indonesia 11,861
13 Netherlands 11,384
14 Malaysia 10,401
15 Taiwan 10,327
16 Colombia 10,064
17 South Korea 9,900
18 Spain 8,704
19 Russia 7,543
20 Japan 7,198

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.