Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 78,385
2 China 68,753
3 United Kingdom 39,292
4 Turkey 23,289
5 Australia 18,148
6 India 15,335
7 Brazil 14,426
8 Germany 13,810
9 Iran 12,905
10 Canada 11,921
11 Malaysia 11,262
12 Indonesia 10,565
13 Italy 9,842
14 Netherlands 9,725
15 Taiwan 9,627
16 South Korea 8,937
17 Colombia 8,497
18 Russia 7,705
19 Japan 6,782
20 Spain 6,774

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.