Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 70,142
2 China 56,968
3 United Kingdom 35,817
4 Turkey 19,496
5 Australia 16,945
6 Germany 14,357
7 Brazil 13,559
8 India 13,095
9 Canada 11,336
10 Malaysia 11,261
11 Netherlands 10,800
12 Taiwan 10,124
13 Indonesia 9,923
14 South Korea 8,232
15 Iran 8,174
16 Russia 7,964
17 Italy 7,793
18 Colombia 7,464
19 Japan 6,808
20 Thailand 6,586

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.