Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 23,754
2 United States 18,242
3 India 8,335
4 Germany 7,349
5 United Kingdom 6,847
6 Japan 6,051
7 Taiwan 4,662
8 Canada 3,705
9 Brazil 3,692
10 Turkey 3,480
11 France 3,386
12 Italy 3,218
13 Australia 2,681
14 Poland 2,635
15 South Korea 1,990
16 Russia 1,973
17 Spain 1,886
18 Mexico 1,678
19 Netherlands 1,530
20 Switzerland 1,450

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach