Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,607,762
2 United States 1,935,438
3 Japan 782,851
4 South Korea 707,086
5 India 619,938
6 Germany 511,727
7 United Kingdom 432,947
8 Taiwan 379,154
9 France 361,801
10 Thailand 291,281
11 Canada 279,028
12 Brazil 273,983
13 Turkey 237,658
14 Australia 193,238
15 Russia 191,236
16 Italy 177,899
17 Malaysia 171,390
18 Netherlands 161,261
19 Spain 154,938
20 Belgium 121,629

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach