Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,656,968
2 United States 1,938,015
3 Japan 810,723
4 South Korea 714,146
5 India 544,695
6 Germany 488,314
7 United Kingdom 452,088
8 Taiwan 363,346
9 France 311,931
10 Canada 276,823
11 Thailand 266,699
12 Brazil 261,983
13 Turkey 231,138
14 Australia 191,124
15 Russia 182,969
16 Italy 173,601
17 Netherlands 165,606
18 Malaysia 155,042
19 Spain 149,480
20 Belgium 124,603

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach