Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,819,599
2 United States 1,801,859
3 Japan 870,080
4 South Korea 770,769
5 United Kingdom 445,732
6 Germany 410,650
7 India 407,880
8 Taiwan 359,285
9 France 281,866
10 Canada 255,165
11 Turkey 218,080
12 Brazil 193,054
13 Italy 171,417
14 Australia 170,861
15 Netherlands 168,423
16 Thailand 168,210
17 Spain 146,511
18 Russia 142,267
19 Malaysia 112,965
20 Poland 111,699

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach