Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,667,731
2 United States 1,871,005
3 Japan 835,865
4 South Korea 731,763
5 India 468,012
6 Germany 453,395
7 United Kingdom 451,717
8 Taiwan 354,141
9 France 283,982
10 Canada 271,483
11 Brazil 230,252
12 Turkey 217,961
13 Thailand 212,056
14 Australia 174,880
15 Netherlands 170,195
16 Italy 168,118
17 Russia 166,799
18 Spain 144,382
19 Malaysia 133,486
20 Poland 111,906

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach