Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 598,694
2 United States 311,746
3 Australia 276,357
4 Canada 91,476
5 China 60,601
6 Spain 39,504
7 Netherlands 39,109
8 Brazil 37,587
9 Ireland 34,806
10 Turkey 33,248
11 New Zealand 32,129
12 Belgium 27,791
13 France 25,056
14 Sweden 24,537
15 Taiwan 24,044
16 South Korea 23,337
17 Japan 23,136
18 Hong Kong 22,764
19 Germany 22,616
20 Thailand 22,224

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach