Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 578,010
2 United States 334,236
3 Australia 269,894
4 Canada 88,236
5 China 63,149
6 Brazil 42,460
7 Netherlands 42,144
8 Spain 40,759
9 Ireland 36,766
10 New Zealand 31,419
11 Turkey 31,287
12 Sweden 28,473
13 Belgium 27,491
14 Thailand 26,884
15 Germany 26,859
16 France 26,172
17 Taiwan 25,032
18 South Korea 23,959
19 Hong Kong 23,699
20 Japan 21,977

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach