Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,528,850
2 United Kingdom 588,511
3 China 303,786
4 Australia 272,205
5 Canada 262,272
6 Japan 190,119
7 Netherlands 170,297
8 Germany 148,551
9 Brazil 138,369
10 France 89,273
11 Spain 79,490
12 South Korea 76,172
13 Italy 72,866
14 Mexico 69,666
15 Turkey 68,861
16 Switzerland 55,466
17 New Zealand 53,496
18 Taiwan 51,091
19 Russia 50,023
20 Sweden 47,342

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach