Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,467,169
2 United Kingdom 606,614
3 China 314,051
4 Australia 274,543
5 Canada 263,800
6 Japan 192,654
7 Netherlands 173,020
8 Germany 130,290
9 Brazil 124,690
10 France 88,689
11 Spain 83,731
12 Turkey 77,908
13 South Korea 77,559
14 Italy 75,111
15 Mexico 60,161
16 Switzerland 55,200
17 New Zealand 51,783
18 Taiwan 50,618
19 Sweden 46,707
20 Belgium 41,070

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach