Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 74,796
2 United States 58,624
3 United Kingdom 22,034
4 Germany 20,151
5 France 17,950
6 Canada 17,724
7 Brazil 14,318
8 India 13,419
9 Australia 11,743
10 Thailand 10,685
11 Japan 8,706
12 Netherlands 7,704
13 Mexico 7,302
14 Spain 6,722
15 Italy 5,553
16 South Africa 5,288
17 Poland 4,719
18 Indonesia 4,240
19 Turkey 4,113
20 Colombia 4,007

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach