Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 75,969
2 United States 60,571
3 United Kingdom 22,878
4 Canada 19,336
5 Germany 19,152
6 France 17,034
7 Brazil 13,638
8 India 11,690
9 Australia 11,669
10 Thailand 10,043
11 Japan 8,495
12 Netherlands 7,629
13 Mexico 6,477
14 Spain 6,310
15 Italy 5,719
16 South Africa 5,316
17 Poland 5,114
18 New Zealand 4,559
19 Turkey 4,090
20 Switzerland 3,995

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach