Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 81,393
2 United States 57,100
3 United Kingdom 25,527
4 Canada 18,712
5 France 17,939
6 Germany 16,256
7 Brazil 13,148
8 Australia 12,014
9 Japan 9,084
10 Netherlands 9,014
11 India 7,164
12 Spain 6,915
13 Thailand 5,969
14 Italy 5,142
15 South Africa 5,076
16 Poland 4,908
17 Mexico 4,689
18 New Zealand 4,655
19 Switzerland 4,168
20 Czech Republic 4,133

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach