Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,099,253
2 United States 506,267
3 India 290,188
4 United Kingdom 215,453
5 South Korea 187,315
6 Taiwan 140,892
7 Australia 117,495
8 Japan 107,288
9 Germany 104,476
10 Canada 94,404
11 Turkey 92,906
12 Brazil 83,161
13 France 77,023
14 Malaysia 64,211
15 Spain 64,180
16 Hong Kong 58,228
17 Italy 58,167
18 Netherlands 56,810
19 Thailand 37,015
20 Indonesia 33,657

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach