Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,908,178
2 United States 489,798
3 India 341,579
4 United Kingdom 205,225
5 South Korea 176,587
6 Taiwan 139,437
7 Australia 114,633
8 Germany 113,063
9 Japan 108,863
10 Brazil 96,131
11 Canada 95,462
12 Turkey 89,790
13 France 82,252
14 Malaysia 73,462
15 Spain 62,036
16 Italy 53,931
17 Netherlands 52,840
18 Hong Kong 51,704
19 Indonesia 41,286
20 Thailand 39,956

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach