Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,810,865
2 India 333,456
3 United States 329,624
4 Turkey 162,028
5 South Korea 133,613
6 Taiwan 126,533
7 United Kingdom 116,182
8 Japan 96,865
9 Malaysia 78,629
10 Thailand 72,673
11 Russia 67,198
12 Canada 58,476
13 Pakistan 57,611
14 Australia 56,352
15 Brazil 56,062
16 France 49,111
17 Mexico 48,597
18 Germany 46,053
19 Saudi Arabia 37,946
20 Italy 33,799

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach