Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,195,684
2 United States 487,549
3 India 193,102
4 Japan 183,038
5 United Kingdom 165,983
6 South Korea 161,359
7 Taiwan 159,514
8 Germany 149,616
9 Canada 86,650
10 France 80,893
11 Russia 78,774
12 Australia 62,947
13 Turkey 62,665
14 Brazil 45,407
15 Malaysia 40,105
16 Netherlands 39,979
17 Mexico 39,638
18 Italy 38,705
19 Spain 38,619
20 Hong Kong 37,285

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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