Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,153,723
2 United States 523,202
3 India 214,116
4 Japan 188,285
5 Germany 185,555
6 United Kingdom 171,970
7 South Korea 164,025
8 Taiwan 161,745
9 Canada 98,237
10 Russia 92,945
11 France 85,914
12 Turkey 69,180
13 Brazil 66,618
14 Australia 65,884
15 Malaysia 48,446
16 Mexico 46,603
17 Spain 42,042
18 Netherlands 40,711
19 Italy 39,388
20 Switzerland 34,633

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach