Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,179,251
2 United States 572,392
3 India 245,395
4 Germany 201,162
5 Japan 194,650
6 United Kingdom 176,761
7 South Korea 169,105
8 Taiwan 165,778
9 Canada 102,756
10 Russia 96,570
11 France 94,834
12 Australia 79,825
13 Brazil 74,971
14 Turkey 73,244
15 Malaysia 56,883
16 Mexico 54,551
17 Spain 46,007
18 Italy 42,964
19 Netherlands 37,320
20 Singapore 35,791

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach