Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,753,257
2 United States 336,779
3 United Kingdom 319,764
4 South Korea 202,506
5 India 182,118
6 Australia 130,083
7 Turkey 111,988
8 Japan 94,191
9 Taiwan 89,214
10 Brazil 84,278
11 Norway 78,567
12 Canada 75,388
13 France 70,667
14 Malaysia 69,745
15 Netherlands 69,076
16 Italy 59,122
17 Spain 47,733
18 Indonesia 46,767
19 Iran 46,492
20 Portugal 44,920

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach