Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,628,764
2 Australia 137,233
3 United Kingdom 128,304
4 Canada 124,472
5 China 50,472
6 Sweden 23,216
7 Turkey 19,141
8 South Korea 18,549
9 Taiwan 15,707
10 Ireland 15,104
11 Thailand 14,615
12 Netherlands 14,554
13 Iran 13,823
14 New Zealand 13,206
15 Japan 12,360
16 Spain 10,882
17 Indonesia 10,659
18 South Africa 10,302
19 Brazil 9,503
20 Italy 9,457

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach