Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,287,806
2 United Kingdom 946,816
3 China 377,210
4 Australia 339,920
5 Canada 272,591
6 Germany 260,625
7 Netherlands 188,718
8 Italy 170,935
9 Japan 158,367
10 France 125,787
11 Switzerland 89,105
12 Spain 80,114
13 South Korea 74,796
14 Israel 72,201
15 Belgium 69,082
16 Turkey 49,038
17 Taiwan 48,639
18 New Zealand 46,577
19 Hong Kong 45,114
20 Brazil 40,162

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach