Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 345,859
2 China 188,226
3 United Kingdom 111,365
4 Japan 65,733
5 Germany 58,349
6 India 51,618
7 Canada 51,421
8 Brazil 45,290
9 South Korea 39,769
10 France 37,048
11 Australia 35,378
12 Italy 34,578
13 Taiwan 27,714
14 Russia 26,001
15 Turkey 24,849
16 Spain 22,148
17 Mexico 21,959
18 Netherlands 21,626
19 Iran 20,343
20 Thailand 19,357

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach