Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 325,236
2 China 170,950
3 United Kingdom 103,718
4 Japan 61,442
5 Germany 54,386
6 Canada 48,103
7 India 40,840
8 Brazil 40,172
9 South Korea 36,355
10 Australia 33,580
11 Italy 31,899
12 France 31,605
13 Taiwan 24,583
14 Russia 22,884
15 Turkey 22,728
16 Netherlands 20,439
17 Spain 20,151
18 Mexico 19,751
19 Thailand 16,306
20 Iran 16,120

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach