Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 280,116
2 China 151,234
3 United Kingdom 96,424
4 Japan 54,891
5 Germany 47,814
6 Canada 43,453
7 Brazil 31,701
8 South Korea 31,592
9 India 29,139
10 Italy 27,014
11 France 26,713
12 Australia 23,305
13 Taiwan 20,207
14 Turkey 19,703
15 Netherlands 19,262
16 Russia 17,602
17 Spain 17,578
18 Mexico 15,690
19 Switzerland 13,348
20 Poland 12,314

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach