Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 244,217
2 China 131,432
3 United Kingdom 88,852
4 Japan 49,719
5 Germany 41,800
6 Canada 34,556
7 South Korea 28,104
8 Brazil 25,722
9 Italy 24,032
10 France 23,556
11 India 21,868
12 Australia 21,356
13 Turkey 18,833
14 Netherlands 17,988
15 Taiwan 17,102
16 Spain 16,095
17 Russia 14,041
18 Switzerland 12,616
19 Mexico 12,002
20 Poland 10,423

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach