Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 939,958
2 Switzerland 41,821
3 Canada 35,134
4 United Kingdom 22,469
5 Australia 21,293
6 Netherlands 20,451
7 Mexico 20,227
8 Germany 17,435
9 Japan 16,896
10 Italy 16,845
11 Sweden 14,809
12 Spain 14,441
13 China 13,418
14 Taiwan 11,754
15 France 10,280
16 Norway 10,152
17 Belgium 7,132
18 Hong Kong 6,515
19 India 5,711
20 Brazil 5,568

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach