Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,522,554
2 United States 339,822
3 South Korea 236,598
4 India 217,512
5 Japan 199,821
6 Taiwan 122,429
7 United Kingdom 96,753
8 Turkey 72,868
9 Brazil 72,589
10 France 60,613
11 Germany 55,583
12 Russia 53,994
13 Australia 49,343
14 Canada 44,178
15 Pakistan 44,168
16 Malaysia 44,034
17 Thailand 40,758
18 Mexico 40,734
19 Poland 34,041
20 Spain 33,303

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach