Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,360,284
2 China 1,268,772
3 United Kingdom 811,921
4 Australia 497,189
5 Canada 354,024
6 Brazil 343,184
7 Italy 199,521
8 France 185,546
9 Spain 184,043
10 South Korea 180,270
11 Japan 174,545
12 Germany 166,327
13 India 166,255
14 Malaysia 166,091
15 Thailand 163,195
16 Netherlands 123,415
17 Turkey 118,167
18 Taiwan 111,046
19 Russia 108,430
20 Portugal 107,688

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach