Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,270,531
2 China 1,096,193
3 United Kingdom 725,969
4 Australia 481,725
5 Brazil 324,674
6 Canada 322,473
7 Italy 175,334
8 France 175,272
9 Germany 173,599
10 Japan 172,744
11 India 166,865
12 Spain 164,040
13 Malaysia 162,181
14 Thailand 152,868
15 South Korea 152,417
16 Russia 133,379
17 Netherlands 112,084
18 Turkey 105,771
19 Mexico 103,895
20 Taiwan 99,264

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach