Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,124,964
2 China 934,526
3 United Kingdom 632,659
4 Australia 446,704
5 Brazil 299,220
6 Canada 284,400
7 France 172,444
8 Germany 163,931
9 Malaysia 158,554
10 India 156,963
11 Japan 156,772
12 Spain 151,839
13 Italy 151,334
14 Russia 150,363
15 Thailand 136,128
16 South Korea 135,094
17 Netherlands 98,690
18 Turkey 95,700
19 Mexico 93,568
20 Taiwan 93,501

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach