Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 867,978
2 Australia 317,018
3 United States 278,421
4 Netherlands 205,090
5 Germany 202,906
6 China 149,881
7 Denmark 94,092
8 Sweden 91,561
9 New Zealand 71,700
10 Canada 63,352
11 South Africa 62,369
12 Switzerland 57,668
13 Finland 51,918
14 Brazil 51,495
15 Italy 48,230
16 France 48,184
17 Norway 43,281
18 South Korea 37,607
19 Austria 37,474
20 Ireland 36,536

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.