Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 168,127
2 China 142,345
3 United Kingdom 123,836
4 Germany 61,982
5 Japan 37,654
6 Canada 37,266
7 Netherlands 37,024
8 Australia 33,284
9 Hong Kong 23,219
10 Taiwan 22,429
11 Spain 22,265
12 France 21,563
13 South Korea 14,295
14 Turkey 12,493
15 Italy 12,188
16 Norway 10,339
17 Austria 9,556
18 Malaysia 9,174
19 Belgium 9,120
20 Switzerland 8,771

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach