Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 176,795
2 China 124,427
3 United Kingdom 121,172
4 Germany 66,950
5 Japan 40,539
6 Netherlands 38,009
7 Canada 35,827
8 Australia 33,037
9 Spain 24,638
10 Taiwan 22,430
11 France 20,530
12 Hong Kong 20,459
13 South Korea 14,311
14 Turkey 12,189
15 Italy 11,643
16 Norway 10,473
17 Malaysia 10,283
18 Belgium 9,364
19 Austria 9,282
20 Switzerland 8,233

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach