Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 529,190
2 United States 353,322
3 India 171,090
4 Germany 97,155
5 United Kingdom 73,770
6 Canada 66,436
7 Japan 48,505
8 South Korea 42,885
9 France 42,550
10 Italy 36,513
11 Spain 35,412
12 Thailand 31,674
13 Taiwan 31,445
14 Turkey 31,386
15 Brazil 27,065
16 Netherlands 26,446
17 Australia 24,448
18 Switzerland 23,288
19 Russia 20,953
20 Iran 20,483

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach