Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 514,585
2 United States 387,195
3 India 176,469
4 Germany 109,135
5 United Kingdom 80,571
6 Canada 77,262
7 Japan 51,541
8 France 46,656
9 South Korea 44,339
10 Thailand 42,032
11 Taiwan 40,156
12 Italy 39,341
13 Spain 38,144
14 Brazil 35,246
15 Turkey 34,822
16 Australia 30,229
17 Iran 28,990
18 Russia 28,107
19 Netherlands 27,514
20 Switzerland 24,826

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach