Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 86,750
2 United Kingdom 42,651
3 Australia 18,328
4 Canada 12,979
5 China 11,585
6 Germany 8,593
7 Netherlands 6,672
8 Japan 5,430
9 New Zealand 4,293
10 Spain 3,712
11 Mexico 3,273
12 Colombia 3,249
13 France 3,239
14 Turkey 3,130
15 Brazil 2,788
16 Belgium 2,651
17 Taiwan 2,339
18 Malaysia 2,301
19 South Africa 2,287
20 South Korea 2,069

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach