Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 95,277
2 United Kingdom 48,398
3 Australia 20,355
4 Canada 14,768
5 China 14,137
6 Germany 8,446
7 Netherlands 7,680
8 Japan 6,083
9 Spain 4,537
10 New Zealand 4,204
11 Turkey 3,780
12 France 3,530
13 Colombia 3,073
14 Malaysia 3,045
15 Taiwan 3,021
16 Mexico 2,882
17 Brazil 2,722
18 South Korea 2,607
19 Belgium 2,511
20 Indonesia 2,407

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach