Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,451,337
2 Thailand 939,366
3 Brazil 651,767
4 United States 645,340
5 Turkey 540,032
6 South Korea 353,492
7 Taiwan 322,500
8 India 307,973
9 Spain 264,120
10 Italy 240,038
11 Malaysia 231,945
12 United Kingdom 213,469
13 Mexico 199,772
14 Australia 177,117
15 Canada 163,106
16 Indonesia 162,863
17 Colombia 160,834
18 Japan 159,868
19 France 147,017
20 Portugal 107,359

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach