Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,708,832
2 Thailand 954,039
3 Brazil 585,534
4 United States 582,888
5 Turkey 433,149
6 India 307,094
7 South Korea 286,389
8 Taiwan 277,035
9 Spain 227,486
10 Malaysia 224,467
11 Italy 204,414
12 Mexico 200,429
13 United Kingdom 188,085
14 Australia 157,046
15 Colombia 147,336
16 Canada 147,253
17 Indonesia 143,029
18 Japan 136,056
19 France 127,868
20 Poland 98,068

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach