Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,629,877
2 Japan 502,205
3 China 376,953
4 Canada 175,523
5 South Korea 161,362
6 United Kingdom 145,830
7 Germany 138,175
8 Italy 118,406
9 Netherlands 110,414
10 Taiwan 101,517
11 Australia 90,146
12 France 60,801
13 India 60,040
14 Switzerland 58,742
15 Brazil 49,993
16 Spain 39,336
17 Belgium 39,271
18 Turkey 34,317
19 Thailand 31,572
20 Austria 24,590

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach