Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,545,773
2 Japan 498,652
3 China 342,367
4 Germany 175,929
5 Canada 174,649
6 United Kingdom 140,970
7 South Korea 136,088
8 Italy 135,255
9 Netherlands 101,772
10 Taiwan 94,182
11 Australia 88,582
12 Brazil 83,280
13 France 73,882
14 India 58,531
15 Switzerland 53,049
16 Spain 44,362
17 Thailand 37,126
18 Belgium 36,630
19 Sweden 31,908
20 Iran 31,277

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach