Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,635,635
2 Japan 530,049
3 China 357,076
4 Canada 179,613
5 United Kingdom 153,997
6 South Korea 151,673
7 Germany 151,557
8 Italy 124,568
9 Netherlands 112,790
10 Taiwan 99,788
11 Australia 96,478
12 France 64,500
13 Switzerland 57,903
14 India 57,484
15 Brazil 51,320
16 Spain 42,127
17 Belgium 39,430
18 Thailand 34,927
19 Turkey 33,683
20 Iran 26,562

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach