Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,606,735
2 Japan 520,250
3 China 363,985
4 Canada 179,984
5 Germany 169,845
6 United Kingdom 146,373
7 South Korea 142,657
8 Italy 129,968
9 Netherlands 112,008
10 Taiwan 97,589
11 Australia 95,199
12 France 69,051
13 Brazil 56,820
14 Switzerland 55,913
15 India 52,997
16 Spain 43,700
17 Belgium 37,654
18 Thailand 36,379
19 Turkey 31,337
20 Iran 30,289

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach