Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,490,865
2 Japan 488,203
3 China 307,976
4 Germany 175,839
5 Canada 165,629
6 Italy 137,592
7 United Kingdom 135,857
8 South Korea 131,699
9 Netherlands 101,230
10 Taiwan 93,822
11 Brazil 88,489
12 Australia 83,652
13 France 79,342
14 India 54,984
15 Switzerland 49,288
16 Spain 44,070
17 Thailand 40,766
18 Belgium 34,359
19 Sweden 32,632
20 Iran 29,174

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach