Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 799,049
2 China 429,180
3 United Kingdom 352,816
4 Japan 141,994
5 Canada 129,972
6 Australia 124,518
7 Germany 120,212
8 France 88,456
9 Netherlands 71,620
10 Brazil 57,772
11 India 57,360
12 Spain 49,382
13 South Korea 48,581
14 Switzerland 46,042
15 Italy 45,838
16 Mexico 39,302
17 Taiwan 29,441
18 Sweden 26,682
19 Turkey 26,619
20 Belgium 26,317

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach