Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 841,521
2 China 423,098
3 United Kingdom 354,276
4 Japan 145,709
5 Germany 135,429
6 Canada 134,453
7 Australia 130,213
8 France 92,973
9 Brazil 81,406
10 Netherlands 72,446
11 India 64,200
12 Spain 49,630
13 South Korea 49,292
14 Switzerland 46,691
15 Italy 44,894
16 Mexico 43,875
17 Taiwan 32,675
18 Thailand 28,627
19 Belgium 25,976
20 Turkey 25,847

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach