Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 988,770
2 China 444,075
3 United Kingdom 356,607
4 Japan 270,734
5 Australia 215,414
6 Canada 167,359
7 Italy 132,868
8 South Korea 119,726
9 Germany 115,241
10 France 92,300
11 Netherlands 89,737
12 Switzerland 75,220
13 Turkey 71,282
14 Brazil 67,809
15 Taiwan 60,561
16 Spain 58,811
17 Belgium 41,053
18 Sweden 37,921
19 Iran 36,965
20 Thailand 35,265

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach