Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 798,592
2 United Kingdom 204,176
3 Australia 141,435
4 Canada 79,321
5 Netherlands 62,912
6 China 61,554
7 Germany 32,797
8 Turkey 21,707
9 Hong Kong 19,838
10 New Zealand 16,122
11 Belgium 15,855
12 Sweden 14,944
13 Israel 14,738
14 Finland 14,723
15 Spain 14,536
16 Greece 14,487
17 South Korea 13,741
18 Switzerland 13,088
19 South Africa 12,963
20 Norway 12,604

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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