Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 766,584
2 United Kingdom 184,187
3 Australia 141,940
4 Canada 73,521
5 Netherlands 64,857
6 China 54,616
7 Germany 31,916
8 Turkey 22,162
9 Hong Kong 18,539
10 Sweden 16,772
11 Belgium 16,734
12 New Zealand 16,731
13 Israel 15,134
14 South Africa 14,707
15 Greece 14,391
16 Malaysia 14,355
17 South Korea 14,190
18 Taiwan 13,324
19 Spain 12,986
20 Finland 12,297

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach