Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 782,242
2 United Kingdom 192,955
3 Australia 141,665
4 Canada 74,658
5 Netherlands 63,191
6 China 57,965
7 Germany 32,353
8 Turkey 21,189
9 Hong Kong 18,708
10 Sweden 16,725
11 New Zealand 16,513
12 Belgium 15,861
13 Israel 14,887
14 South Africa 14,258
15 South Korea 13,837
16 Greece 13,836
17 Finland 13,283
18 Spain 13,239
19 Malaysia 12,755
20 Taiwan 12,357

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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