Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 528,530
2 United States 290,846
3 Germany 262,170
4 China 200,939
5 Netherlands 194,944
6 Australia 136,819
7 Taiwan 75,070
8 India 66,321
9 Sweden 62,375
10 South Korea 59,987
11 Turkey 53,236
12 Canada 49,545
13 Italy 42,277
14 Malaysia 41,132
15 France 39,985
16 Switzerland 38,583
17 Japan 33,199
18 Belgium 33,142
19 Hong Kong 33,139
20 Brazil 33,099

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach