Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 532,396
2 United States 296,510
3 Germany 248,144
4 China 213,768
5 Netherlands 201,022
6 Australia 139,614
7 Taiwan 76,453
8 Sweden 65,395
9 India 65,019
10 South Korea 62,441
11 Turkey 58,242
12 Canada 52,060
13 Italy 50,171
14 France 45,341
15 Switzerland 43,042
16 Malaysia 38,589
17 Japan 36,596
18 Belgium 35,578
19 Hong Kong 34,781
20 Austria 34,636

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach