Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 405,481
2 United States 343,471
3 Germany 81,909
4 France 78,838
5 United Kingdom 76,235
6 Japan 59,125
7 Russia 53,376
8 India 44,981
9 Canada 38,982
10 South Korea 38,004
11 Brazil 24,828
12 Italy 24,413
13 Switzerland 23,004
14 Australia 22,795
15 Turkey 21,593
16 Netherlands 21,488
17 Taiwan 19,391
18 Poland 18,544
19 Spain 18,509
20 Belgium 11,608

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach