Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 449,003
2 United States 344,651
3 France 81,376
4 United Kingdom 80,879
5 Germany 74,520
6 Japan 61,550
7 Russia 54,802
8 India 43,910
9 South Korea 42,557
10 Canada 36,158
11 Italy 26,632
12 Australia 24,864
13 Netherlands 24,267
14 Switzerland 23,432
15 Turkey 23,345
16 Brazil 21,939
17 Poland 20,314
18 Taiwan 19,988
19 Spain 19,537
20 Sweden 14,738

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach