Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 886,866
2 United Kingdom 536,912
3 Australia 279,776
4 Canada 164,562
5 Netherlands 153,557
6 China 141,682
7 Germany 131,241
8 Sweden 61,152
9 Italy 56,505
10 Japan 51,836
11 South Korea 47,600
12 Turkey 45,709
13 Brazil 45,444
14 Belgium 43,354
15 France 43,108
16 Spain 41,875
17 Switzerland 40,757
18 Norway 40,176
19 Taiwan 38,504
20 New Zealand 37,875

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach