Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 914,274
2 United Kingdom 529,050
3 Australia 280,380
4 Canada 161,698
5 Netherlands 156,837
6 Germany 137,896
7 China 132,417
8 Sweden 66,336
9 Italy 56,995
10 Japan 50,023
11 Brazil 49,610
12 South Korea 48,770
13 France 45,305
14 Turkey 44,793
15 Spain 44,346
16 Belgium 43,317
17 Taiwan 40,829
18 Norway 39,806
19 Switzerland 39,488
20 New Zealand 38,059

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach