Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,258,229
2 United Kingdom 432,085
3 Australia 276,857
4 China 250,310
5 Canada 221,825
6 Netherlands 115,819
7 Germany 88,910
8 Japan 82,578
9 South Korea 61,965
10 Italy 60,456
11 Spain 57,463
12 Turkey 53,943
13 Brazil 53,128
14 France 52,096
15 Switzerland 42,768
16 Taiwan 38,097
17 Sweden 36,343
18 Israel 31,094
19 Belgium 29,374
20 Hong Kong 28,812

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach