Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 764,841
2 China 275,177
3 Brazil 267,831
4 United Kingdom 262,183
5 South Korea 227,037
6 Turkey 189,293
7 Thailand 156,623
8 Japan 137,124
9 Taiwan 125,430
10 Australia 119,759
11 India 111,102
12 Saudi Arabia 110,923
13 Iran 104,026
14 Germany 99,777
15 Russia 93,556
16 Spain 82,863
17 Canada 74,213
18 Colombia 70,268
19 Mexico 70,223
20 France 69,962

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach