Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,983,584
2 United Kingdom 540,887
3 Canada 397,351
4 Australia 394,688
5 China 325,324
6 Japan 259,365
7 Netherlands 194,367
8 Italy 149,228
9 Germany 141,034
10 France 130,523
11 Turkey 130,513
12 Brazil 123,344
13 South Korea 120,721
14 Spain 98,531
15 Taiwan 97,076
16 Switzerland 88,414
17 Thailand 80,410
18 Belgium 69,310
19 Sweden 67,673
20 New Zealand 65,751

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach