Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 3,079,452
2 United Kingdom 545,085
3 Australia 405,909
4 Canada 393,176
5 China 320,308
6 Japan 263,778
7 Netherlands 206,435
8 Italy 166,265
9 Germany 159,412
10 Brazil 142,689
11 France 136,295
12 Turkey 125,853
13 South Korea 120,433
14 Spain 103,866
15 Taiwan 100,728
16 Thailand 93,846
17 Switzerland 88,886
18 Belgium 70,770
19 Sweden 69,153
20 New Zealand 68,292

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach