Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,020,939
2 United States 568,747
3 Japan 298,054
4 South Korea 187,848
5 Germany 173,066
6 United Kingdom 158,691
7 France 155,221
8 India 143,918
9 Brazil 110,274
10 Taiwan 109,346
11 Russia 90,809
12 Turkey 86,772
13 Canada 64,252
14 Malaysia 62,364
15 Australia 54,918
16 Poland 52,934
17 Egypt 48,981
18 Italy 46,877
19 Spain 44,647
20 Czech Republic 42,156

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach