Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 159,618
2 Germany 74,276
3 China 69,652
4 United Kingdom 41,891
5 Japan 35,532
6 France 34,241
7 Switzerland 23,378
8 India 23,359
9 Canada 21,853
10 Italy 14,444
11 Australia 14,417
12 Netherlands 14,096
13 South Korea 13,421
14 Spain 11,563
15 Russia 11,038
16 Brazil 9,317
17 Czech Republic 7,790
18 Poland 7,461
19 Taiwan 7,375
20 Belgium 5,307

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach