Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 172,341
2 Germany 74,502
3 China 73,083
4 United Kingdom 43,095
5 Japan 35,355
6 France 35,196
7 Canada 24,337
8 India 24,163
9 Switzerland 24,002
10 Italy 13,896
11 South Korea 13,612
12 Australia 13,366
13 Netherlands 12,131
14 Spain 11,846
15 Russia 10,872
16 Brazil 10,666
17 Singapore 9,753
18 Turkey 8,627
19 Taiwan 8,312
20 Poland 7,714

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach