Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,851,168
2 China 1,025,187
3 United Kingdom 719,378
4 Germany 645,895
5 Japan 581,075
6 India 334,758
7 Canada 300,694
8 France 266,209
9 Australia 203,279
10 South Korea 196,511
11 Switzerland 173,250
12 Brazil 161,128
13 Netherlands 139,348
14 Italy 123,969
15 Taiwan 122,456
16 Spain 120,090
17 Sweden 96,194
18 Israel 89,354
19 Mexico 84,610
20 Denmark 83,009

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach