Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,541,979
2 China 1,086,939
3 United Kingdom 707,925
4 Germany 566,059
5 Japan 558,725
6 Canada 283,717
7 India 273,551
8 France 229,312
9 South Korea 213,511
10 Australia 186,725
11 Switzerland 167,481
12 Netherlands 132,048
13 Italy 122,101
14 Taiwan 113,048
15 Spain 112,900
16 Brazil 93,274
17 Sweden 91,848
18 Israel 88,954
19 Denmark 85,419
20 Belgium 71,928

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach