Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,665,978
2 China 1,012,987
3 United Kingdom 710,936
4 Germany 613,880
5 Japan 562,968
6 India 294,663
7 Canada 288,192
8 France 234,977
9 South Korea 200,616
10 Australia 187,164
11 Switzerland 169,174
12 Brazil 147,276
13 Netherlands 138,232
14 Italy 119,369
15 Taiwan 116,126
16 Spain 111,931
17 Israel 88,520
18 Sweden 86,433
19 Denmark 82,907
20 Mexico 74,525

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach